OCA v. Carson (Small Area FMRs)


OCA v. Carson Resources

Press Release


Motion for Preliminary Injunction

Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion for Preliminary Injunction

Order Granting Preliminary Injunction

Memorandum of Decision - Preliminary Injunction

Stipulated Judgment and Order

Federal judge blocks delay to help low income families obtain housing - The Hill

Selected comments in response to HUD's 30 Day Notice on the SAFMR Suspension


SAFMR Resources

Advocates' guide to successful implementation of the mandatory Small Area FMR rule, National Housing Law Project and the Poverty & Race Research Action Council

Small Area Fair Market Rents - HUD





February 22, 2018

Judgment Entered For Plaintiffs in Open Communities Alliance v. Carson Ensures Greater Housing Opportunities For Low-Income Families

WASHINGTON, D.C.  – The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) recently agreed to abandon its attempt to delay a federal rule designed to provide greater housing opportunities for low-income renters.  A federal court entered judgment in favor of Open Communities Alliance, a Connecticut civil rights non-profit, and fellow plaintiffs represented by a coalition of civil rights organizations who filed suit against HUD last year.

As a result of the lawsuit and the judgment entered, HUD is now implementing the Small Area Fair Market Rule (Small Area FMR), which promotes greater opportunity in housing choice for low income and minority families and greater residential integration.  The coalition of civil rights groups successfully challenged HUD’s decision to abandon the rule last year, with U.S. District Court Judge Beryl Howell in late December issuing a preliminary injunction requiring HUD to restore the rule.  The judgment that Judge Howell entered on Friday confirms that HUD will not challenge the court’s ruling.

“HUD’s announcement that it will drop its opposition to a carefully drafted fair housing rule is a victory for those working to promote greater access to housing opportunity for African-American, Latino and low-income families across our country.  The Small Area Fair Market Rule promotes greater opportunity in housing choice for low-income and minority families and greater residential integration,” said Kristen Clarke, President and Executive Director of the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law.  “Our lawsuit challenging HUD’s action is crucial to today’s ongoing work to achieve a more racially integrated society.  We will continue to turn to the courts to hold this administration accountable for actions that turn the clock back on important civil rights.”

The Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. (LDF), Relman, Dane & Colfax PLLC law firm, Poverty & Race Research Action Council (PRRAC) and Public Citizen Litigation Group brought the suit last year against HUD for suspending the Small Area FMR rule, which allows low-income families using housing vouchers to access a broader market of rental units.  The suit was filed on behalf of two individuals who wanted to move to improved residential areas and the Open Communities Alliance, a Connecticut-based organization devoted to creating such opportunities for mobility.

In December, Judge Howell ruled that HUD and Secretary Ben Carson unlawfully suspended implementation of the Small Area FMR rule without providing a reasonable justification for the delay.  She also held that HUD failed to follow federal law requiring the Department to provide notice and an opportunity for public comment before acting.

Shortly before the December preliminary injunction hearing in Open Communities Alliance v. Carson, HUD issued a notice seeking comments on its August suspension of the SAFMR rule. The notice did not affect the judge's ruling, but it did bring out a strong group of comments from advocates for low income families from across the country, including in many of the 23 affected metropolitan areas (accompanied by a few complaints from trade associations). Shortly after the comment period closed, HUD issued new guidance on implementation of the Small Area FMRs, with a deadline of April 1 for PHAs in the 23 mandatory metro areas.

“This rule is already having an impact in Connecticut by opening up high opportunity neighborhoods that were previously unreachable for Housing Choice Voucher recipients,” said Erin Boggs, Executive Director of Open Communities Alliance.

In Connecticut, 48% of households relying on HUD's Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) live in the 2% of the state experiencing the highest levels of opportunity isolation - with under-resourced schools, fewer employment options, and other challenges. 86% of HCV households live outside the 40% of the land area of the state with the greatest access to opportunity (click here for more on opportunity mapping). Because opportunity-isolated areas are also disproportionately home to families of color, the HCV program reinforces and continues segregated housing patterns.

One of the central reasons for this segregation is the HCV program's unrealistic limits on the maximum rents in thriving communities. The Obama Administration’s Small Area Fair Market Rent rule was designed to remedy this and represented an important step forward for fair housing and civil rights.

“This is a win for low-income American families who deserve equal access to safe and affordable housing,” said Sherrilyn Ifill, President and Director-Counsel of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. (LDF).  “HUD must not delay restoring the Housing Choice Voucher program and we will continue to hold the Administration accountable. Blacks, Latinos and low-income Americans have an equal right to economic prosperity including the ability to choose where to live.”

HUD issued the Small Area FMR rule in 2016 after years of study and notice and comment.  The rule changes the housing voucher formula in 24 carefully selected metropolitan areas, which collectively cover more than 200,000 voucher families.  In those areas, voucher values that were previously calculated based on typical private rents for an entire area (despite enormous differences in the prevailing rents from neighborhood to neighborhood) now are to be based on fair market rents for each zip code.  The new formula, in effect, raises the allowable rent amount for thousands of participating families should they choose to move to higher-rent, higher-opportunity areas.

Current HUD rent policies for the HCV program have effectively confined low income families to under-resourced neighborhoods by capping rents using a regional “average” rent.  Families should be able to choose the community that is best for their family – and low income families of color should not be arbitrarily excluded from the communities with the best employment and educational opportunities.

The Obama Administration’s Small Area Fair Market Rent rule ends the effective exclusion of voucher families from high opportunity areas by calculating average rents for each zip code, rather than regional average rents, to give families a fair shot at renting units in every neighborhood and community.

Studies have shown that Small Area Fair Market rents do not raise the overall costs of the voucher program.

“We expect HUD to implement this new program in good faith, and we are pleased to see that they have already issued guidance in response to the court’s ruling,” said Philip Tegeler, PRRAC’s Executive Director.  “We look forward to working with local housing authorities to ensure that the program is as successful as it was intended to be.”

“HUD’s decision not to fight the court’s holding that the agency acted unlawfully by delaying this important rule assisting low-income families in securing affordable housing is welcome news. Unfortunately, the resolution of this case does not indicate that this administration has embraced the agency’s mission of creating strong, sustainable, inclusive communities and quality affordable homes for all. Instead, HUD recently delayed an important tool to assure compliance with the long-standing statutory duty to affirmatively further fair housing,” said co-counsel Allison M. Zieve, of Public Citizen Litigation Group.

“Entry of a judgment in Plaintiffs’ favor preserves an important housing program, allowing Voucher holders the chance to live and raise their children in high-opportunity neighborhoods,” said John Relman, managing partner of Relman, Dane & Colfax.  “This litigation also sends an important message to the Trump Administration, that its lawlessness will be met with swift and powerful resistance from the civil rights community.”

A copy of the court’s order is available here.  The district court’s December 2017 order is available here, and the court’s opinion is here.  The complaint, filed last October, is available here.



  • Open Communities Alliance
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  • Hartford, CT 06106
  • Phone: 860-610-6040